Chart of presidents of the United States

Here is a chart that I hope easily gives all relevant presidential info at a glance.

Presidents with the lighter blue background on their dates are the ones who did not serve full terms.

Presidents with the darker blue background on their dates are ones who succeeded to office as vice president.

Blue represents Democrats, red Republicans, green Democratic-Republicans, orange Whigs, and yellow Federalists. George Washington had no party.

Learn more about historical documents.

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Name: Term: Time in office: Elections won: Left office:
1
George Washington July 1, 1789 - March 4, 1797 6 years, 4 months, 6 d.
2
Did not seek re-election
2
John Adams March 4, 1797 - March 4, 1801 4 years
1
Lost reelection
3
Thomas Jefferson March 4, 1801 - March 4, 1809 8 years
2
Did not seek reelection
4
James Madison March 4, 1809 - March 4, 1817 8 years
2
Did not seek reelection
5
James Monroe March 4, 1817 - March 4, 1825 8 years
2
Did not seek reelection
6
John Q. Adams March 4, 1825 - March 4, 1829 4 years
1
Lost reelection
7
Andrew Jackson March 4, 1829 - March 4, 1837 8 years
2
Did not seek reelection
8
Martin Van Buren March 4, 1837 - March 4, 1841 8 years
2
Did not seek reelection
9
William H. Harrison March 4, 1841 - April 4, 1841 30 days
1
Died in office
10
John Tyler April 4, 1841 - March 4,1845 3 years, 11 months
0
Did not seek reelection
11
James K. Polk March 4, 1845 - March 4,1849 4 years
1
Did not seek reelection
12
Zachary Taylor March 4, 1849 - July 9, 1850 1 year, 4 months, 4 d.
1
Died in office
13
Millard Fillmore July 9, 1850 - March 4, 1853 2 years, 7 months, 26 d.
0
Did not seek reelection¹
14
Franklin Pierce March 4, 1853 - March 4, 1857 4 years
1
Did not seek reelection¹
15
James Buchanan March 4, 1857 - March 4, 1861 4 years
1
Did not seek reelection
16
Abraham Lincoln March 4, 1861 - April 15, 1865 4 years, 1 month, 11 d.
1
Assassinated
17
Andrew Johnson April 15, 1865 - March 4, 1869 3 years, 10 months, 20 d.
0
Did not seek reelection
18
Ulysses S. Grant March 4, 1869 - March 4, 1877 8 years
2
Did not seek reelection
19
Rutherford B. Hayes March 4, 1877 - March 4, 1881 4 years
1
Did not seek reelection
20
James Garfield March 4, 1881 - September 19, 1881 6 months, 15 d.
1
Assassinated
21
Chester A. Arthur September 19, 1881 - March 4, 1885 3 years, 5 months, 16 d.
0
Did not seek reelection
22
Grover Cleveland March 4, 1885 - March 4, 1889 4 years
1
Lost reelection
23
Benjamin Harrison March 4, 1889 - March 4, 1893 4 years
1
Lost reelection
24
Grover Cleveland (2nd time) March 4, 1893 - March 4, 1897 4 years
1
Did not seek reelection
25
William McKinley March 4, 1897 - September 14, 1901 4 years, 6 months, 10 d.
2
Assassinated
26
Theodore Roosevelt September 14, 1901 - March 4, 1909 7 years, 5 months, 21 d.
1
Did not seek reelection
27
William H. Taft March 4, 1909 - March 4, 1913 4 years
1
Lost reelection
28
Woodrow Wilson March 4, 1913 - March 4, 1921 8 years
2
Did not seek reelection
29
Warren Harding March 4, 1921 - August 2, 1923 2 years, 4 months, 27 d.
1
Died in office
30
Calvin Coolidge August 2, 1923 - March 4, 1929 5 years, 7 months, 2 d.
1
Did not seek reelection
31
Herbert Hoover March 4, 1929 - March 4, 1933 4 years
1
Lost reelection
32
Franklin D. Roosevelt March 4, 1933 - April 12, 1945 12 Years, 1 months, 8 d.
4
Died in office
33
Harry S. Truman April 12, 1945 - January 20, 1953 7 Years, 9 months, 8 d.
1
Did not seek reelection
34
Dwight Eisenhower January 20, 1953 - January 20, 1961 8 years
2
Term ended
35
John F. Kennedy January 20, 1961 - November 22, 1963 2 Years, 10 months, 2 d.
1
Assassinated
36
Lyndon Johnson November 22, 1963 - January 20, 1969 5 Years, 1 month, 29 d.
1
Did not seek reelection
37
Richard Nixon January 20, 1969 - August 9, 1974 5 Years, 6 months, 20 d.
2
Resigned
38
Gerald Ford August 9, 1974 - January 20, 1977 2 Years, 5 months, 11 d.
0
Lost election
39
Jimmy Carter January 20, 1977- January 20, 1981 4 years
1
Lost reelection
40
Ronald Reagan January 20, 1981 - January 20, 1989 8 years
2
Term ended
41
George H.W. Bush January 20, 1989 - January 20, 1993 4 years
1
Lost reelection
42
Bill Clinton January 20, 1993 - January 20, 2001 8 years
2
Term ended
43
George W. Bush January 20, 2001 - January 20, 2009 8 years
2
Term ended
44
Barack Obama January 20, 2009 -
1
 

NOTES:

¹ Pierce and Fillmore did not win re-nomination from their parties to run for another term.

TOTALS:

Acting Presidents of the United States

The twenty-fifth amendment to the Constitution of the United States creates the office of "Acting President," someone who exercises all the powers, duties, and responsibilities of the President of the United States when the incumbent is temporarily incapacitated or otherwise unable to serve. This person is usually the vice president, second-in-line to the presidency.

The 25th has only been evoked three times, to briefly transfer presidential power to two vice presidents, for less than a day each.

Name: Term: Time in office:
George H.W. Bush July 13, 1985 approx. 8 hours (11:28 - 19:22 EST)
Dick Cheney June 29, 2002 approx. 2 hours (7:09 - 9:24 EST)
Dick Cheney (2nd time) July 21, 2007 approx. 2 hours (7:16 - 9:21 EST)

In all of the above situations the incumbent presidents were undergoing surgery during their absence from office.

CONCLUSIONS:

The only President who assumed office without first being elected President or vice president was Gerald Ford. He was appointed vice president by Congress in 1973, after Nixon's first vice president resigned.

The shortest term in office was William Henry Harrison, who served for only a month. Only he and James Garfield served as President for less than a year.

Andrew Johnson was the vice president who served the longest time as President without specifically being elected to the office. Lincoln was assassinated a mere month into his second term, so Johnson got to serve almost all of Lincoln's four-year mandate.

We are currently living in the longest stretch of successive presidents without anything weird (death, assassination, resignation) happening. Assuming Obama fulfills his term in office, there will have been six successive presidents who have not ended their terms prematurely. The previous record period of presidential stability was the first nine successive presidencies, from Washington through Van Buren. Not a single one of the first nine presidents were killed, died in office, resigned, or were impeached. On average, at least one out of every three presidents dies in office.

The most unstable period was 1933 to 1977. Of the seven presidents of that 40-year period, Eisenhower was the only truly "normal" president; that is to say the only one didn't die in office, resign, or succeed to the presidency as a vice president.

Living former presidents

Name: Left office: Time out of office:
Jimmy Carter January 20, 1981 28 years +
George Bush January 20, 1993 17 years +
Bill Clinton January 20, 2001 8 years +
George W. Bush January 20, 2009

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